Preliminary Report of the United State Geological Survey of Montana and Portions of Adjacent Territories 1871Geological Survey
538 pp. Illus. Maps. Quarto, original gilt-lettered brown cloth, not acid free paper. Illustrated with drawings and fold-out map. Near Fine Condition. HAYDEN, F. V. Preliminary Report of the United States Geological Survey of Montana and parts of Adjacent Territories Being a Fifth Annual Report of Progress. This is the original Hayden Survey into Yellowstone in 1871. The results of this survery, published in this book, are responsible for setting aside Yellowstone as a national park. One of the best editions of this extremely rare and valuable Yellowstone collectible book. Government Printing Office, Washington, 1872.
Ferdinand V. Hayden, M.D. (1829-1887), who had already established a reputation as a master of reconnaissance in the Great Plains country, was placed in charge of the survey of Nebraska, for which only $5,000 was available. Hayden, 38, was a graduate of Oberlin College in Ohio and Albany Medical College. Except during the Civil War years, Hayden had been enthusiastically exploring the northern Great Plains region since 1853 when James Hall, the New York State Geologist, had sent him and Fielding B. Meek west to study the geology and collect fossils. In 1856 and 1857, Hayden had accompanied expeditions led by Lieutenant G.K. Warren and in 1859, the expedition led by Captain W.F. Raynolds, both of the Topographical Engineers. The Hayden survey received additional appropriations in 1868 and 1869 for exploration in Wyoming and Colorado, and in 1869 was placed directly under the Secretary of the Interior. In 1870, Hayden presented to Congress a plan for the geological and geographical exploration of the Territories of the United States that looked forward to the gradual preparation of a series of geographical and geological maps of each of the territories on a uniform scale. With Congressional blessing the Hayden survey then became the Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories under the Department of the Interior.